Canadian Consulting Engineer

By Bronwen Parsons   

Consulting Engineers of Ontario preparing position on prompt payment

Business & Professional

Independent review of Lien Act and prompt payment gets under way this fall

In Ontario, associations representing all the different stakeholder groups in the construction industry are busy working on what they would like to see changed in the province’s Lien Act. In particular they are concerned about issues around timely payment.

The Prompt Payment Ontario coalition, which consists largely of trade contractors, product suppliers and unions, has been lobbying strongly for legislation to set strict time schedules — 30 days is their goal — for paying subcontractors for work that has been certified and complete. Bill 69 last year proposed legislation along these lines, but instead the government has decided to order a review of the entire Lien Act. In February, the Ministry of the Attorney General and Ministry of Economic Development, Employment and Infrastructure asked independent counsel Bruce Reynolds, a construction law expert with Borden Ladner Gervais, to conduct the review. He and his team are hearing deputations this fall and are supposed to report back by December.

Consulting Engineers of Ontario (CEO) is one of around 70 groups invited to take part in the review process. David Zurawel, director of government and stakeholder relations with CEO, says they are working to develop the association’s position and that they have established a task force for the purpose.

“We want to see changes to the Act, and we do support timely payment for certified, completed work,” says Zurawel.

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However, he says, “One of Our big concerns is the potential liability for consulting engineers in certifying payments. We’re working really closely with our insurance partners and legal counsel on this issue. What happens if the consulting engineer certifies payment for too little work, or for too much? We are being very mindful about what those potential risks are for our members as we develop our position.”

Zurawel says that whatever system emerges as a result of the review, it has to be nuanced and flexible. “The system has to have a process in place that will effectively provide for timely payment for certified, completed work, but it has to be a prudent process. It can’t be a process that essentially functions by rote.” He says the payment process should account for the different nature of services supplied. “If we’re looking for a new payment system for Ontario, that system has to have the inherent flexibility to recognize the needs of every stakeholder that’s involved,” he says. “And an important part of that is a dispute resolution system that works for everybody as well.”

From the trade contractors’ point of view, the issue is pressing and the Prompt Payment Ontario coalition has been doing research this summer to prove their case that trade contractors and other suppliers are suffering. “[D]elinquent payment in construction is a rampant and a growing problem,” says their website. “Trade contractors are commonly made to wait for periods of four months or longer to get paid for work that has been certified as being complete.”

Sandra Skivsky, who speaks for the coalition and is director of marketing and business development with the Canada Masonry Centre, says “The industry has changed incredibly in the last 40 years and the risk has flowed downstream to those least able to repel it. I’m not saying general contractors don’t get their share of grief, but when you are at the low end of the power spectrum it’s hard to push back because it’s so easy to get a replacement.”

She points out that prompt payment is already incorporated in the standard documents issued by the Canadian Construction Documents Committee (CCDC), but that owners, developers and general contractors are not often adhering to these standards. The coalition argues that the effects of delayed payments trickle down and are harming the economy as a whole. To prove it the coalition has conducted an online survey of benefit providers as third-party organizations who see the effects when companies and employees can’t pay their dues.

Skivsky would like any payment legislation to “set out a clear framework” that would ensure that the trade contractors are paid on time for satisfactory completed work.

While Reynolds is scheduled to issue a report in December, judging by the information package that has been issued to stakeholders, the scope of his work is vast and complex. The Ontario Lien Act originated in 1983 and has not been significantly changed since then despite the evolution of P3s, design build and other new contracting arrangements. To see the extensive information package issued to stakeholders, click here.

Other jurisdictions already have prompt payment legislation in place, including the U.S. federal government, many U.S. states, the EU, U.K., Australia and New Zealand.

In Canada, the Alberta Construction Association is also starting to investigate prompt payment legislation and held a meeting of stakeholders in August.

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