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Turning tires into concrete

Adding tire fibre to concrete could shrink the tire industry’s carbon footprint and also reduce the construction industry’s emissions.


UBC engineers have developed a more resilient type of concrete using recycled tires that could be used for concrete structures like buildings, roads, dams and bridges while reducing landfill waste.

The researchers experimented with different proportions of recycled tire fibres and other materials used in concrete—cement, sand and water—before finding the ideal mix, which includes 0.35%  tire fibres, according to researcher Obinna Onuaguluchi, a postdoctoral fellow in civil engineering at UBC.

Recycled-rubber roads are not new; asphalt roads that incorporate rubber “crumbs” from shredded tires exist in the U.S., Germany, Spain, Brazil and China. But using the polymer fibres from tires has the unique benefit of potentially improving the resilience of concrete and extending its lifespan.

“Our lab tests showed that fibre-reinforced concrete reduces crack formation by more than 90% compared to regular concrete,” said Onuaguluchi. “Concrete structures tend to develop cracks over time, but the polymer fibres are bridging the cracks as they form, helping protect the structure and making it last longer.”

concrete

Nemy Banthia, scientific director UBC-hosted Canada-India Research Centre of Excellence

UBC civil engineering professor Nemkumar Banthia, who supervised the work, says the environmental and industrial impact of the research is crucial. Up to three billion tires are produced around the world every year, generating close to three billion kilograms of fibre when recycled.

“Most scrap tires are destined for landfill. Adding the fibre to concrete could shrink the tire industry’s carbon footprint and also reduce the construction industry’s emissions, since cement is a major source of greenhouse gases,” said Banthia, who also is scientific director of UBC-hosted Canada-India Research Center of Excellence (IC-IMPACTS), a centre that develops research collaborations between Canada and India.

“We use almost six billion cubic metres of concrete every year,” added Banthia. “This fibre can be in every cubic metre of that concrete.”

The new concrete was used to resurface the steps in front of the McMillan building on UBC’s campus in May. Banthia’s team is tracking its performance using sensors embedded in the concrete, looking at development of strain, cracking and other factors. So far, the results support laboratory testing that showed it can significantly reduce cracking.

The research, described in Materials and Structures, has received support from IC-IMPACTS; Tire Stewardship B.C., the nonprofit that manages British Columbia’s tire recycling program; Atlantis Holdings Inc.; and recycler Western Rubber Products Ltd, which processed the fibres.

 


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1 Comment » for Turning tires into concrete
  1. Greg Merchant says:

    This seems a bit short sighted. no matter what the concrete will have a lifespan. What happens when it comes time to decommission the concrete infrastructure? We now have a blended concrete and polymer waste material that can’t be separated. How do we recycle the concrete now that it has polymer intermixed?
    Instead of concentrating the tire waste in landfills or improving the methods of recycling we are spreading it across the country and potentially creating problems for the future. Is this a “dilution is the solution” approach to waste management.
    Before something like this is implemented on a large scale i hope that there is some research done into how to handle the material at the end of its life cycle.

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